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Examining Trump’s Speech on El Quds

1024px-Israel-2013-Jerusalem-Temple_Mount-Al-Aqsa_Mosque_(NE_exposure)

Last Wednesdy the 6th of December, the US president Donald Trump declared that El Quds (Jerusalem) will be the capital of “Israel”. His declaration ignited protests in different countries around the world. His speech, which lasted for 12 minutes, was considered as provocative and unwise by many Islamic countries. In the following contribution I will try to picture some of the points he mentioned in his speech.

The five top keywords of his speech are:

  1. JERUSALEM with a frequency of 19
  2. ISRAELI or ISRAELIS with a frequency of 16
  3. PALESTINIANS or PALESTINIAN with a frequency of 6
  4. ISRAEL with a frequency of 15
  5. WAIVERS with a frequency of 2

Besides, Trump mentioned the word Aqsa and Haram, Islamic holy places once.

JERUSALEM

Trump used strong statements to depict the belonging of Jerusalem to the Israeli and the regular expressions he used are: “Jerusalem as Israel’s capital city” or in another expression “to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital”. The following picture depicts the context in wich the word Jerusalem was used.

Capture

ISRAELIS and the PALESTINIANS

Through his use of these two words, in one hand, Trump was intelligent enough to coin modernism civility and a history to the Israeli people. He used modern Israeli government and parliament and Supreme Court. On the other hand, the Palestinians were coined the term conflict and peace between them and Israel.

Also the Palestinians were mentioned as a group of people with no nation since the term Palestine was not mentioned in this speech, while Israel, the sovereign nation as Trump  said, was referred to for 14 times as you can check on the following two pictures.

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This leads us to conclude that the term Palestine does not exist in the corpus of the American policy and the Palestinians, living in this region as long as the history of humanity is, are considered as a small indigenous community without the right of a sovereign state.

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#sociolinguistics, #linguistics, #dialectometry, #dialect, #langchat, endangered languages, #languages #Amazigh, #Berber

Amazigh Lexicostatistics: A Correlation Study Between Geographic Distances And Lexical Differences

Authors : Bouri Hadj,

Abstract

Abstract : This study aims at measuring the impact of geographic distance on the linguistic difference. A five word questionnaire was designed to elicit Berber lexis based on the Swadesh list. A levenshtein algorithm was applied to measure the linguistic distance between five North African Berberophone regions: Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Tunisia and Libya. Also, a correlation experimental design was administered to conduct the study and measure how language varies according to the geographical landscape of the region. The results show a positive influence of the geographical distance on Berber linguistic diversity. The implementation of inferential statistics along with the levenshtein algorithm helps in understanding how the Berber language intersects with its geographical landscape.

The whole article can be read on the following link:

https://www.asjp.cerist.dz/en/article/24348

#linguistics #sociolinguistics, #dialectology, #dialectometry, #lingchat, #langchat

Measuring Chaoui Linguistic Variation In The City Of Oum El Bouaghi: A Dialectometric Study

Authors : Bouri Hadj,

Abstract

This study aims at measuring the impact of geographic distance on the linguistic difference. A questionnaire was designed to elicit Chaoui lexis based on the Swadesh list. A levenshtein algorithm was applied to measure the linguistic distance between all the municipalities of the city of Oum El Bouaghi. Also, a correlation experimental design was administered to conduct the study and measure how language varies according to the geographical landscape of the Berber region of the Chaouia. The results show a positive influence of the geographical distance on the Chaoui linguistic diversity and the alternative hypothesis was confirmed. The implementation of inferential statistics along with the levenshtein algorithm helps in understanding how the Berber language intersect with its geographical landscape.

The whole article can be read on the following link:

https://www.asjp.cerist.dz/en/article/25149

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Language contact in Palestine: Changes from above or from below?

Labov (1994) Any general consideration of linguistic change mustÞrst distinguish between change from above andchange from below. Above and below refer here simultaneously to levels of social awareness and positions in the socioeconomic hierarchy
 https://www.academia.edu/15455874/Language_contact_in_Palestine_Changes_from_above_or_from_below
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Sociolinguistics of Palestinian Arabic

1. Introduction1. Introduction1. Introduction1. Introduction
The aim of this lemma is partly to highlight various studies done over the years analyzingthe high degree of linguistic variability in Palestinian Arabic. More than that, though, thereis a sense that the linguistic situation, and indeed sociolinguistic complexity in Palestinemore generally, are emblematic of the history of region and the speech communitydescribed in these studies. This is a community that has known, in the few decades since thecommencement of scholarly sociolinguistic investigation, significant turmoil anddevastation. It has been divided, partially exiled, and many of its members colonized andforced to learn other languages, further complicating their linguistic, political, andsociological statuses, to name but a few. Palestine is perhaps one of the prime examples of asite for which the study of the speech community and other types of social scientificresearch must continue hand in hand.
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Algerian Teachers’ Self-Evaluation Checklist

The designer of the following questionnaire asks prospective Algerian teachers from all streams, i.e., middle school, secondary and university teachers, to answer the following questions so that he can undertake a Master research on English as a foreign language at the department of English at the University of Larbi Ben Mhidi, Oum El Bouaghi.
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1fcaF_0Hqkhbd-W3J8sPu1fLAO9qXFEtk6ZDakdvArRM/edit#

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Berber Cultural and Educational Reforms

Sebiba_Touareg_Exhibition,_Djanet_(Algérie)
Dear informant, the following questionnaire seeks to understand the position of Berber in the Algerian schools and cultural sphere. Would you like to answer the questions that follow. Your contribution is so important in understanding and solving the problems that this language face. Thank you.
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/171cUrtgapcl4FXFLcX-xb_mfcMnasySMfCFMJg3VKkg/edit#

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Arabic needs protection, but who should protect it?

Arabizi- اللغة العربية

ArabicThe short answer is nobody. Except of course the speakers of Arabic language themselves. They can do this through various avenues such as: schooling and education, books and publishing (not just translations), the culture at large, and as any scholar of language maintenance or Ecolinguist will tell you- their ideology. What do they think about (and of) their language? How do they measure their language to other languages? and many other questions, and once those can be answered (and importantly implemented) then the status and importantly the future of a language can be determined. Arabic language is not dead but socially something is happening, something that is making some Arabic speakers nervous and many sociolinguists like myself are trying to understand what that is. I am basing this post on an article I read back in May and I have been meaning to write something on it ever since, so…

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Mapping variation in English

Manchet

The UK dialect maps created by Laurel MacKenzie and her legion of undergraduate field researchers now have a new home!

At http://projects.alc.manchester.ac.uk/ukdialectmaps/ you can view all the maps. The site comes with instructions on how to use them as well as credits for Laurel’s helpers and the many students of Language Variation & Change who participated in the data collection. The site also has information about outreach and the many media appearances that this research has made.

To make it even better, the maps have now been updated with another year’s worth of data. So go ahead – have a play around!

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