Mancunians at Methods in Dialectology

Manchet

The programme for Methods in Dialectology XV, 11th-15th August 2014 in Groningen, is packed with current and former Manchester linguists. We’ve got:

  • Lecturer Maciej Baranowski on The sociolinguistics of back vowel fronting in Manchester English
  • SALC senior language tutor Rasha Solaiman on Mutual intelligibility between the Arabic dialects
  • Former research associate Nicholas Flynn on Potential pitfalls when choosing to normalize
  • The crack team of Laurel MacKenzie, George Bailey and Danielle Turton on Crowdsourcing dialectology in the undergraduate classroom
  • PhD alumnus Jonathan Morris on The Future of Welsh Dialects? The Effects of Societal
    Changes on (r) Variation in Northern Welsh
  • Postgrad Danielle Turton on /l/-darkening in varieties of English: A dialectological approach to articulatory variation, in a workshop co-organized by PhD alum Patrycja Strycharczuk
  • Former lecturer Benedikt Szmrecsanyi on Corpus-based dialectometry: why and how (with Freiburg’s Christoph Wolk)
  • Baranowski and Turton again, on Linguistic and social constraints on…

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Bryan Garner’s language-change index

Stroppy Editor

One of the best aspects of Garner’s Modern American Usage is that Bryan Garner doesn’t simply judge things as right or wrong. He doesn’t shy away from condemnation, but he knows – like any genuine language aficionado – that English is always in flux and always contains grey areas.

So he has a language-change index. “Its purpose,” he says, “is to measure how widely accepted various linguistic innovations have become.”

There are five stages of change that a particular piece of language may be at:

  1. Rejected. “A new form emerges as an innovation (or some dialectal usage persists) among a small minority of the language community, perhaps displacing a traditional usage. … People normally consider innovations at this stage outright mistakes.” Examples: “unconscionably” to mean “unconsciously”; “thiefs”; “prevaricate” to mean “procrastinate”; “highjack” instead of “hijack”; “baited breath”; “brung”.
  2. Widely shunned. “The form spreads to a significant portion of the language…

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Gender Differences The Meaning of Color for Gender  by Natalia Khouw

Is there a gender difference in response to color? Although findings are ambiguous, many investigations have indicated that there are differences between gender in preferences for colors. Early investigations done by by Guilford (1934) on the harmony of color combinations found that a person is likely to see balance in colors that are closely related or the opposite. Guilford also found some evidence that more pleasing results were obtained from either very small or very large differences in hue rather than medium differences, with this tendency more frequent in women than men.

Gender Differences The Meaning of Color for Gender by Natalia Khouw

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The principle of linguistic relativity holds that the structure of a language affects the ways in which its respective speakers conceptualize their world, i.e. their world view, or otherwise influences their cognitive processes. Popularly known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, or Whorfianism, the principle is often defined to include two versions:

Strong version: that language determines thought and that linguistic categories limit and determine cognitive categories
Weak version: that linguistic categories and usage influence thought and certain kinds of non-linguistic behaviour.

Communicative Functions

Communicative Functions

Communicative Functions

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Patterns of Communication

Patterns of Communication

Patterns of Communication

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Same Word Different Languages

Same Word Different Languages

Same Word Different Languages

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The Six Most Widely-Spoken Languages in Africa

The Six Most Widely-Spoken Languages in Africa

The Six Most Widely-Spoken Languages in Africa

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Arabic Dialects

Arabic Dialects

Arabic Dialects

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